The Suburb of the Future
SØNDERMARKEN – VISIONS FOR THE SUBURB OF THE FUTURE. What is the purpose of the suburb of the future? The competition has been arranged by Vejle Municipality in cooperation with Realdania.
“Originally a suburb meant a development outside the city’s defences, which in time of war was to be removed, at least to a certain distance, to protect against an attacking enemy, the ‘demarcation line’. The new meaning did not catch on until around the turn of the century (1900) when the city’s defences were abolished because of development that had rendered them ineffective and thereby unnecessary.
Many suburbs in major Danish cities originally developed as small independent towns that did not merge with a large city until a significant period of time. A suburb is therefore often characterised by having its own centre, business life, industrial sector and so on.
Even where suburbs existed in the past, it was not until the middle of the 1800s in connection with the industrialisation that the suburbs started developing in earnest. At first annexation was attempted, however this procedure proved difficult and soon unsuccessful, and so a process of statistical registration of the suburbs was begun in order to identify the cities’ total number of inhabitants.
Over time many old suburbs have been merged in connection with city boundary regulations or municipal reforms with the market town with which they were connected in order to achieve an overall administration of the entire adjoining built-up urban area. For example, in the municipal reform in 1970 most suburbs in Denmark were merged with the market town to which they were connected. The concept of suburbs was then only used with regards to the municipalities in the greater Copenhagen area to designate their fusion with Copenhagen. Considering that many old suburbs still constitute more or less well-defined built-up areas, since 1970 it has been more appropriate to talk about districts instead of suburbs in the traditional sense.” From Wikipedia.
Perhaps it would be more appropriate to consider the suburb as a part of the city?