Location: Loudian, Shanghai, China
Area: 400.000 m2
Status: Realized 2006
The point of departure and leading conceptual idea for this landscape design manual is to identify and apply typical Scandinavian expressions into the future townscape of Loudian town.
Inspired by a collection of places and landscapes significant and characteristic for the Nordic environments we present a reinterpretation based on local conditions and contemporary materials and forms.
All archetypical elements like the Swedish woodland lake or the flat and smooth rocks at the west coast seashore; the Norwegian pine tree forests or the Finnish birch tree fields and the sand dynes of Danish coastlines could be applied into the local climate and soil of the Loudian town site. The aim of the reinterpretation is to create a feasible and long term sustainable public space with high quality and distinct architectural ideas and character.
Towards the sustainable city: An Ecological Approach sustainable city: An Ecological Approach
In the project New Loudian Town, we have addressed the issues that the environmental document Agenda 22 has put forward. The urban structures in our design are meant to be adapted to a possible future that we yet not know very much about. Therefore, all solutions are flexible and general in their meanings.
New Loudian Town aims towards sustainability. In doing this, the landscape architecture plays an important role. The designed landscapes in New Loudian Town are made to be active and important links between nature and the city.
There are 4 important clues that have acted as a program for this approach in the design work:
1. Landscape architecture deals with the natural ecosystems and these have the unique quality of being self healing.
2. Natural ecosystems carry a capacity to act as recipients of waste as dust, pollution, sewerage water.
3. Landscape architecture can ease the impact of wind, erosion, noise and also reduce energy costs.
4. Nature has an unsurpassed capacity of creating a sturdy environment because its so rich in variety. In landscape architecture the possibilities of mimicking these qualities of richness and variety of nature is at hand.
The goals for landscape architecture in New Loudian Town can be described in 4 factors; 3 that has to do with basic biotic factors and one that has to do with social values:
Earth: The soil is treated so that erosion is prevented. All soil is planted or covered. Covered earth is still permeable for storm water. Infiltration of water is done underneath parking lots and playgrounds. Plantings are adapted to the local soil conditions. Cuts and fills are minimized.
Air: Heavy vegetation belts are planted to adsorb and absorb dust and other air-borne pollution. Hedgerows are planted to prevent high wind velocity and create a more favourable local climate. An extensive bike road and pedestrian system discourages car traffic and thus improve air quality.
Water: The goal is that every lot should take care of its own stormwater. Local natural cleaning systems (pools planted with water vegetation that fixate nitrate in the root areas) have been designed on for instance the courtyards to take care of also grey water. All ground has been sloped towards the natural recipients; the lake and canals.
Experience: All vegetation has been selected so that it reflects the change in seasons, with fall colour, fruit and spring blossom. The landscape has been designed to improve social life with informal meetings, play, physical exercise, repause and meditation. Emphasize has been put on the public and semi-public space: streets, parks, plazas, courts, and yards. These areas have been equipped so that they provide for seating possibility in the shade as well as in the sun, group and individual activities of different kinds, open market, parties, entertainment, open air theatre, processions, parades.